A layer that is put on the surface of a farm to boost soil fertility and soil moist conservation is called mulch. The points below highlights the importance of using mulch in your farm
Firstly, mulch is important to the growth of plants because it helps to keep the soil moister. Once mulch has been applied in the garden, it regulate the soil temperature and reduces the rate of soil water evaporation. Mulch help farmers carry on their farming activities even during the time when the amount of rainfall is low. It is worth noting that the water in the form of moisture is condensed by mulch and drop back on the soil surface as water.
Secondly, mulch is used to prevent erosion of top fertile soil. The top fertile soil is usually loose and vulnerable to all types of soil erosion. In case topsoil which is rich in mineral and fertility is carried away, the land becomes unproductive to a farmer. Soil barrenness can cause a farm to be unproductive leading to famine and hunger. Agent of soil erosion like the wind which carries away loose soil. A land that has lost its loose topsoil becomes so difficult to till or work on because what remains is the hard soil which is unproductive.
Fertility of land is improved when mulch is continuously used. Manure is the end product of a decomposed mulch which is the main fertility booster of a farm. Compared to inorganic fertilizers, organic manure is very cheap and affordable. The acidity of the soil can naturally be regulated by the use of mulch which decomposes and alters the soil PH depending on the composition of the plant used as mulch.
Weeds are unable to grow in a farm whose surface has been applied with mulch. Mulch suppress the growth of weed by cutting the supply of necessities for seed germination. Germination of a seed is facilitated by air, water, warmth, and minerals. Due to lack of sufficient air, the seeds of weeds are unable to germinate.
Fifthly, mulch is very cheap and affordable to almost all farmers. Organic mulch is readily available from the dead plants and you can even decide to make your own mulch by collecting dead plants and putting them on the surface of your farm. Companies that sell mulch have favorable prices and they deliver the mulch to the farm of a customer.
Sixth, you can use mulch a way of decorating your farm or land. You can use beautiful river stones o mulch trees in your compound. River stones have varied properties that make them favorite for mulch decoration.
Lastly, mulch is environmentally friendly because they decompose very fast as oppose to other methods of farming like the use of fertilizes. Manure from mulch enhance soil aeration and water conservancy.