Benefits we Gain from Stem Cell Research
Stem cells are critical components in regenerative medicine. This is due to their critical role in the treatment of many complex diseases and injuries. There is a lot of promise in stem cell research, and even more controversy surrounding the subject.
Stem cells are special cells in our bodies that can transform into different types of cells, for example, muscle cells, organ cells, as well as brain cells. You will hear of two types of stem cells; embryonic stem cells, and adult stem cells. Embryonic stem cells originate from unused human embryos, and serve well in research. Such embryos are gotten by the in vitro fertilization process. They have the ability to become many different types of cells. Adult stem cells are more limited in transformation, and thus can only become one of two types. They are gotten from fully developed tissue, sources being the bone marrow, skin, and brain.
Seeing as stem cells can become other cells, stem cell therapy works to using them to replace ones damaged or dysfunctional. Here are cases in which this has been possible.
Damaged corneas have been repaired in this process before. Stem cells will be gotten from the limbus, that area of the eye between the iris and sclera. These will be multiplied in the lab thereafter. After they reach a good number, they can be transplanted back onto the damaged eye, thus restoring the patient’s sight.
Skin replacement after a life-threatening burn is now possible. Skin stem cells shall be used to grow sheets of new skin, which shall then be used to cover areas that lost skin in the burn. The research currently is focused on finding ways to make the new skin have its own hair, sweat glands, and oil glands.
Stem cells have also proven beneficial in eliminating the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. In cases where the dopamine-producing regions of your brain have their neurons damaged, you will suffer tremors, slow movement, the rigidity of the limbs, balance and gait issues, alterations in their speech and writing. When stem-cell regeneration happens, you will get new dopamine-inducing neurons to cover up the damaged ones.
Chemotherapy is used to treat cancer, but it leaves in its wake the destruction of your stem cells. Once it is over, stem cells have to be reintroduced into your body. They shall head to the bone marrow, to grow and develop into healthy blood cells.
There are more places stem cell therapy is needed, such as in handling the damage heart diseases come with. These examples are ideal in showing why stem cell therapy should be taken seriously. You will get to learn more about it on this site.